NMC 1001 Y (=NML 305 Y)
INTRODUCTION TO AKKADIAN
This elementary Akkadian course is devoted to the study of the classical Old Babylonian dialect. The grammar is studied in depth throughout the year, using as textbook J. Huehnergard’s A Grammar of Akkadian. Students must also learn the basic cuneiform signs in their standard Neo-Assyrian shape. At the end of the year students will have read most of the Code of Hammurabi and selections from omen literature, royal inscriptions, and letters. It would be advantageous for students to obtain a copy of the basic sign list in advance of the commencement of the course. Evaluation: based upon a series of tests and class participation.
NMC 1002 Y (=NML 405 Y)
SELECTED STANDARD AKKADIAN TEXTS
This intermediate Akkadian course is devoted to the study of the literary Akkadian dialect of the late second and first millennia, usually known as Standard Babylonian. Students will read excerpts of literary texts and royal inscriptions in R. Borger’s Babylonisch‑Assyrische Lesestücke and eventually proceed to more ambitious compositions such as The Annals of Sennacherib and Enuma Elish. Students are also expected to deepen their knowledge of the Neo-Assyrian cuneiform script. Evaluation: based on two term tests and class participation.
NMC 1003 Y
AKKADIAN HISTORICAL TEXTS
In this course we read and analyze texts that are commonly called “historical,” such as royal inscriptions, chronicles, historical‑literary compositions, kudurrus, etc. Considerable attention is devoted to both the historical aspects of the context and historiographical questions. Texts in various dialects and scripts are studied.
NMC 1004 Y
The course includes readings on specific problems of Sumerian grammar and study of literary and lexical texts, chiefly from the Old Babylonian period (ca. 2000-1600 B.C.). Students are expected to deepen their knowledge of the cuneiform script and to be able to undertake individual research on Sumerian language and texts by the end of the year. To that effect much emphasis will be put on methodology: how to use dictionaries, electronic databases, sign lists, editions of ancient lexical and grammatical texts.
NMC 1005 Y
THE ASSYRIAN LANGUAGE
The course begins with a survey of Assyrian grammar, emphasizing the differences between the Assyrian and Babylonian dialects of Akkadian and setting Assyrian within the historical development of Akkadian and more generally of Semitic languages. The main part consists of readings of texts from the Old Assyrian period (2000-1700 B.C.), the Middle Assyrian period (1400-1100 B.C.), and the Neo-Assyrian period (900-600 B.C.).
NMC 1006 Y
AKKADIAN LITERARY TEXTS
In this course we will read extensive selections from the Akkadian Gilgamesh Epic. Reference to the Gilgamesh Sumerian material (in English translation) and extensive bibliography about the epic will also be examined in class. Texts: S. Parpola, The Standard Babylonian Epic of Gilgamesh, The Neo-Assyrian Text Corpus Project, Helsinki, 1997. J. Black, A. George and N. Postgate, A Concise Dictionary of Akkadian, 2nd Printing, Harrassowitz, 2000.
NMC 1007 Y
AKKADIAN LETTERS AND BUSINESS DOCUMENTS (EARLY PERIOD)
This course is devoted to the study of letters, legal texts, and administrative documents from ca. 2350-1600 B.C.E. (Old Akkadian to Old Babylonian). The purpose is for students to deepen their ability to read classical and peripheral Old Babylonian texts with the cursive script of that period, and acquire basic knowledge of Old Akkadian. Attention will also be paid to the historical and cultural significance of these texts and to their archival and archaeological context.
NMC 1008 Y
AKKADIAN LETTERS AND BUSINESS DOCUMENTS (LATE PERIOD)
This course is devoted to the study of letters, legal texts, and administrative documents from the Middle, Neo- and Late Babylonian periods (ca. 1400-100 B.C.E.). Considerable attention is devoted to the archival and archaeological context of these documents and to their political, economic, and social setting. By the end of the year students are expected to acquire a working knowledge of Middle and Neo-Babylonian grammar and script.
NMC 1009 Y
INTRODUCTION TO SUMERIAN
The course will include basic and intermediate study of grammar Sumerian and its complex writing system. The course will involve reading and discussion of the main grammatical works as well as progressive exercises from actual texts. By the end of the year students should have acquired a fairly good understanding of the grammar and script and be able to read royal inscriptions and basic economic and administrative texts. Evaluation: Two mid-terms, one mid-year, and one final examination, with a weighting of 20% for each examination. Class participation is 20%.
NMC 1020 H (=NMC 346 H)
ANCIENT MESOPOTAMIA I: SUMERIANS AND AKKADIANS
From ca. 3000 to 1600 B.C.E. the Ancient Near East was the stage upon which parts were played by a variety of peoples and because of their great achievements, this area has often been called the “Cradle of Civilization.” This course provides a broad perspective of the major events and developments, as well as a more intensive examination of specific topics: political ideology, religion, literature, and law. Such matters as the city-states of the early Sumerians, the rise of Semitic nation-states, and the famous law collection of Hammurabi of Babylon will be examined making use of both textual and archaeological evidence. The reading of original sources in translation is stressed.
NMC 1021 H (= NMC 347 H)
ANCIENT MESOPOTAMIA II: ASSYRIANS AND BABYLONIANS
This course examines the political and cultural history of the peoples of the ancient Near east from ca. 1600 B.C.E. to the conquest of Babylon by the Alexander the Great in 331 B.C.E. The rise of great states, the formation of the Assyrian empire, and the scholarly achievements of the Assyrians and Babylonians will be among the topics examined. Both textual and archaeological evidence are considered and the reading of original sources in translation is stressed.
NMC 1022 H (=NMC 446 H)
THE BABYLONIAN CITY
The course uses written and archaeological evidence to examine the physical form of the Babylonian city in the first millennium B.C. as the setting for the daily activities of its inhabitants. It examines in detail the key components of the Babylonian city, namely: houses, neighborhoods and city districts; palaces; temples and ziggurats; streets and alleys; shops and markets; city walls and gates, as well as canals, orchards and gardens. The course emphasizes reading and historical evaluation of written sources in translation, including selected royal inscriptions, topographical texts, and legal and administrative documents.
NMC 1023 H (=NMC 447 H)
THE NEO-ASSYRIAN EMPIRE
The course offers a detailed introduction to the Neo-Assyrian empire and how it functioned, based on study of a representative selection of written sources (in translation). It examines Assyrian kingship, imperial administration, and daily life as reflected in the texts, including the royal inscriptions, official correspondence, astrological reports, and everyday legal and administrative documents. The course studies a cross-section of Assyrian society taking into account various perspectives, from the king and his highest officials and court scholars to the lowest-ranking subjects and deportees. It also investigates the economic basis of the Assyrian empire, including taxation and tribute, booty from military conquest, specialist craft production, and agriculture. The course emphasizes the historical evaluation and interpretation of the primary sources.
NMC 1613 Y (=NMC 380 Y)
ANCIENT NEAR EASTERN RELIGIONS
A comparative study of common myths and religious practices of the ancient Near East based on a study of Sumerian, Babylonian, Ancient Syrian, Biblical, Hittite, and Ancient Greek texts.
NMC 1701 Y
SUMERIAN HISTORICAL TEXTS
In this course student will read and discuss Sumerian texts from autograph copies, photographs, and digital images. Students will also learn how to prepare a standard edition from several ancient manuscripts, with critical apparatus and philological discussion. A variety of texts will be studied, but emphasis will be on literary texts from the third to the first millennium B.C.E. Bilingual texts (Summerian-Akkadian) will also be introduced.